Interesting facts about 29 Indian states and 7 Union Territories with their capitals

Fascinating truths concerning 29 Indian states and also 7 Union Territories with their resources

There are 29 states as well as seven Union territories in the country. Let's have a look at the states as well as their capitals.
India, a union of states, is a sovereign, secular, democratic, republic with a parliamentary system of federal government. The Head of state is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union.
In the states, the Guv, as the rep of the President, is the head of Executive.
The system of federal government in states carefully resembles that of the Union.
There are 29 states and also seven Union Territories in the nation.
Union Territories are carried out by the Head of state with a manager appointed by him/her.

Allow's have a look at the states as well as their fundings:

1. Andhra Pradesh - Amravati

- Hyderabad was the former funding of Andhra Pradesh yet it obtained replaced by Amravati, people's capital. The foundation rock was laid on October 22, 2015.
- The Buddhist Stupa at Amravati is the largest stupa in the nation with a diameter of 50 meters and also a height of 27 meters
- Acknowledging Amravati's ancient Buddhist roots, the programmers likewise plan to a style the High Court in a manner that it appears like the Buddhist Stupa
- According to the timeline of this mega job, Andhra's capital will certainly be populated and also functional just by 2024, i.e after completion of its second phase, when a lot of the buildings, commercial establishments, universities, and also the central business district will certainly become functional. The 3rd and also final stage is anticipated to be completed by 2029.

2. Arunachal Pradesh - Itanagar

- Itanagar has actually been the funding of Arunachal Pradesh considering that April 20, 1974
- Arunachal Pradesh is India's biggest state in the Northeast.
- Originally, Shillong was the funding of Assam however got replaced by Dispur in 1972
- Dispur is an area or residential area in Guwahati city that is why Guwahati is typically described as the capital city of Assam.

3. Bihar - Patna

- Patna is the largest city of the state of Bihar, 19th most populous city as well as the fifth fastest growing city in the nation
- Being a location of numerous strip rivers, including Sone, Gandak, and also Punpun, Patna is referred to as the biggest riverine city in the world
- In 1912, Patna ended up being the resources of the British district of Orissa and Bihar till 1935 when Orissa ended up being a separate state
- Most significant Satyagraha activities of Mahatma Gandhi specifically the Champaran activity against the Indigo ranch and the 1942 Quit India Activity were started from this city.

3. Assam - Dispur

At first, Shillong was the resources of Assam however got changed by Dispur in 1972
Dispur is a locality or suburb in Guwahati city that is why Guwahati is frequently described as the capital city of Assam

5. Chhattisgarh - Atal Nagar (Naya Raipur).

- Chhattisgarh's new funding Naya Raipur will be relabelled as Atal Nagar in memory of previous Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- The news was made by Chhattisgarh's chief minister, Raman Singh, on August 21, 2018.
- Raipur was the previous resources of Chhattisgarh. The community of Raipur has remained in existence because the 9th century.

6. Goa - Panaji.

- Panaji is likewise known as Panjim in English, Ponnji in Konkani, as well as Pongim in Portuguese.
- After Independence, Indian Military struck Goa consisting of Panaji and also uprooted the Portuguese controls in 1961. Afterwards, Goa was merged with India as a Union Region.
- It was declared as a state of India in 1987 together with Panaji as the capital of Goa.

7. Gujarat - Gandhinagar.

- In 1960, the Indian state of Bombay was split into two states, Maharashtra and also Gujarat. The city of Mumbai was offered to Maharashtra, leaving Gujarat without a capital city.
- At that time, Ahmedabad was chosen to be the initial capital of the freshly produced state.
- It was later on proposed that a new funding city must be constructed for the state along the lines of the various other 2 organized cities of India, Chandigarh, and also Bhubaneshwar.
- Gandhinagar got its name from the Father of the Country.

8. Haryana - Chandigarh.

- Chandigarh derives its name from the holy place of 'Chandi Mandir' located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity 'Chandi', the goddess of power and a ft of 'garh' existing beyond the holy place gave the city its name 'stronghold of the goddess Chandi.
- With the dividing of India in 1947, the old British province of Punjab was separated right into 2 parts. The larger western part, including the Punjabi resources of Lahore, came to be a part of Pakistan.
- The eastern component was granted to India, yet it lacked an administrative, business, or social centre.
- Strategies to locate an ideal site for the resources of the new Indian Punjab were undertaken right after the dividers.
- The Indian government after considering a number of alternatives chosen Chandigarh as the resources in 1948.

9. Himachal Pradesh - Shimla/Dharamshala.

- Jammu and also Kashmir is not the only state with 2 fundings any longer. In 2017, Dharamsala was declared as HP's winter capital, which indicates it'll have 2 funding cities i.e. Shimla and also Dharamshala.
- Dharamshala is additionally the hometown of Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama.

10. Jammu as well as Kashmir - Srinagar/Jammu.

- Jammu and Kashmir was the only state having 2 resources cities till 2017. In Jammu and also Kashmir, every year there is a change of the secretariat and all other government offices from Srinagar to Jammu as well as the other way around.
- This bi-annual shift is known as Darbar relocation. From May to October, all the government offices are housed in Srinagar which is the summer season capital of the state as well as from November to April, the workplaces are housed in Jammu which is the winter months resources of the state.
- The Jammu as well as Kashmir High Court likewise relocate from Srinagar to Jammu in winters as well as from Jammu to Srinagar in summertimes.

11. Jharkhand - Ranchi.

- Jharkhand is one of the wealthiest mineral areas worldwide and shows off 40 per cent and also 29 percent of India's mineral and also coal books respectively.
- Jharkhand is the only state in India to generate coking coal, uranium and also pyrite.

12. Karnataka - Bengaluru.

- Bangalore, officially called Bengaluru, is the capital of south Indian state, Karnataka. After India's self-reliance in 1947, Bengaluru came to be the capital of Mysore State and also stayed its resources till the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956.
- Bengaluru is additionally known as the 'Silicon Valley of India' as a result of its duty as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter.
- Indian technological organizations, such as ISRO, Infosys and Wipro are headquartered in the city.

13. Kerala - Thiruvananthapuram.

- Thiruvananthapuram, formerly referred to as Trivandrum, is the capital of Kerala state.
- This clean city is improved 7 hillsides, called as Thiru-Anantha-Puram, meaning 'the community of Lord Anantha'.

14. Madhya Pradesh - Bhopal.

- Bhopal was founded by King Bhoja in the 11th century. The city was therefore called 'Bhoj-pal' as well as later on became known as Bhopal.
- Bhopal is additionally referred to as the 'city of lakes' for its numerous all-natural as well as artificial lakes. Bhopal lake, referred to as the top lake is the earliest synthetic lake in India.

15. Maharashtra - Mumbai.

- Mumbai was formerly called Bombay till 1995. Mumbai is the financial, commercial and also home entertainment resources of India.
- It is additionally one of the world's leading 10 centres of business in regards to worldwide financial flow, generating 6.16 percent of India's GDP.

16. Manipur - Imphal.

- Ima Keithal market in Imphal is most likely the world's just all-women run marketplace. In Manipuri, Ima indicates mom and also Keithal means market, so it is called 'Mommies market'.
- Only wives are allowed to trade and also run the stalls in this multi-ethnic 500-year-old industry, an advantage that is passed on from one generation of Manipuri women to the an additional.

17. Meghalaya - Shillong.

- Shillong, the funding of Meghalaya, is the only hill station that comes from all sides. In 1874, it came to be the funding of composite Assam under British rule.
- In 1972, after the formation of Meghalaya as an independent state, Shillong became its funding.

18. Mizoram - Aizawl.

- Aizawl is the political and social centre of Mizoram. It is below that the State Legislature is situated.
- It is also the commercial center of the state and all industrial and also financial activities are centered around the city.

19. Nagaland - Kohima.

- Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga people.
- The name, Kohima, was formally offered by the British as they could not articulate the Angami name Kewhima or Kewhira, which comes from the Kewhi blossoms, which are discovered around in the mountains.
- Earlier, Kohima was also referred to as Thigoma.

20. Odisha (Orissa) - Bhubaneswar.

- In 1948, Bhubaneswar changed Cuttack as the capital of Odisha.
- It is also popularly known as the 'holy place city of India'.

21. Punjab - Chandigarh.

- Chandigarh as a Union Territory was constituted on November 1, 1966, when the Indian Punjab was reorganised along etymological lines into two new states- Haryana and also Punjab.
- Straddled between Haryana as well as Punjab, the city of Chandigarh was made the shared funding of the two states and of the Union Territory itself.

22. Rajasthan - Jaipur.

- Jaipur is widely referred to as the 'Pink city of Rajasthan,' because of its pink coloured buildings.
- It was built in the 18th century by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II and also was the initial planned city of India.

23. Sikkim - Gangtok.

- The name Gangtok is derived from a Tibetan word, which indicates 'hill' or 'top of the hill'.
- With the presence of a number of monasteries, centres for tibetology and also religious educational institutions, Gangtok is a famous centre of Tibetan Buddhist society.

24. Tamil Nadu - Chennai.

- Chennai, previously called Madras Patnam, is 380 years old. From a stretch of no guy's land in 1639, it has actually expanded to come to be a significant commercial, service and social centre.
- Chennai Corporation initially called as Madras local firm is the earliest Local Corporation in India established in 1688.

25. Telangana - Hyderabad.

- Telangana was constituted as the 29th state of India on June 2, 2014.
- Hyderabad was the joint resources of Telangana as well as Andhra Pradesh till 2015.
- Currently, Hyderabad is only the capital of Telangana.

26. Tripura - Agartala.

- Agartala is a component of 2 words-- specifically Agar, a kind of oily valuable perfume tree as well as tala, a warehouse.
- The portion of proficiency in Agartala, according to 2011 census, was 93.88, greater than the national proficiency rate.

27. Uttar Pradesh - Lucknow.

- Lucknow is popularly referred to as 'The City of Nawabs'. It is additionally referred to as the Golden City of the East, Shiraz-i-Hind and also the Constantinople of India.
- Lucknow was the epicenter of the 1857 War of Independence.

28. Uttarakhand - Dehradun.

- Dehradun is pointed out in the Ramayana and Mahabharata in the old puranic stories making it among the earliest cities of India.
- Dehradun is additionally called as the Home of Guru Drona.
- The Central Braille Press in Dehradun is the biggest producer of Braille books in India.

29. West Bengal - Kolkata.

- Up until 1911, Kolkata was the capital of India as a result of its trade importance during the British Rule in India. Later on, Delhi was made the funding of India.
- In 2001 the city's name was officially changed from Calcutta to Kolkata. A legacy of the Raj, Kolkata is just one of the fewest cities in the world to have preserved the practice of Cable car.
- Though these are slowly grumbling right into background, but Trams continue to amaze lots of, consisting of vacationers from various other cities.
- Birla Planetarium in Kolkata is the largest planetarium in Asia and second largest in the world. Kolkata is the only city to have hand-pulled rickshaws in India.

Now let's take a look at Union Territories and their capitals.

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Port Blair.

- The biggest sea turtles on the planet, Dermocheleys Coriacea, nest in the Andaman as well as Nicobar Islands.
- The scenery on our red coloured 20 rupee note shows a natural scene on the Andaman and also Nicobar islands.
- The only energetic volcano in India exists in Andaman.

2. Chandigarh - Chandigarh.

3. Dadra as well as Nagar Haveli - Silvassa.

- Dadra and also Nagar Haveli lies near the west coastline and consists of two different parts. Dadra is surrounded by the state of Gujarat, and also Nagar Haveli pushes the borders of Maharashtra as well as Gujarat.
- It was a Portuguese swarm till 1779 as well as ended up being a part of Independent India in 1954.
- Till 1961, it was self-governing and also ran independently. after that, in the same year i.e. 1961, it became a union area of India.
- Currently, Dadra and Nagar Haveli has representation in both residences of the Indian parliament.
- Dudhni lake in Silvassa is famously referred to as 'Kashmir of the West'.

4. Daman and also Diu - Daman.

- Goa, Daman, and also Diu were incorporated right into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961, by army conquest.
- The region of Goa, 'Daman, as well as Diu' was carried out as a single union region until 1987, when Goa was provided statehood, leaving Daman and also Diu as a separate union region.

5. Lakshadweep - Kavaratti.

- Kavaratti Island is the base for INS Deeprakashak, a vital Indian Navy Base.
- Kavaratti has been an important Indian Navy Base because the 1980's. Nonetheless, INS Deeprakashak was appointed in the year 2012.

6. Delhi (National Resources Territory) - Delhi.

- New Delhi is both the resources as well as center of the government of India as well as the center of the National Funding Region of Delhi.
- In 1991 the Constitution Act altered the Union Area of Delhi to the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

7. Puducherry (Pondicherry) - Pondicherry.

- Previously the name of this area was Pondicherry. It was transformed to Puducherry on September 20, 2006.
- Puducherry is better referred to as the 'White town'.
- Puducherry celebrates Freedom Day on August 16, while the rest of the nation commemorates it on August 15.
- The previous capital to Puducherry was Madras.

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